434 - 472 (38 years)
Set As Default Person
||Ricimer or Flavius Ricimer Of The Suevics, chief de le Suevi, prince of the Septimania Midi |
||chief de le Suevi, prince of the Septimania Midi |
||, , Spain
||Nascien II "Of The Salin Franks" De Septimania |
||Nascien II "Of The Salin Franks" Of The Franks |
||Of The Suevics |
||Ricimer or Flavius Ricimer Of The Suevics |
||Ricmere Nascien II or Ricimer of the Suevics Des Sueve |
||Ricomer Richemeres |
||18 Aug 472
||38 years |
||Alypia Of The Roman Empire, princess of Roman Empire, b. 445, , , , Italy , d. Yes, date unknown |
|>||1. Zambor De Bourgogne Or Of Burgundy, b. 461, of Septimania, France , d. Yes, date unknown|
|>||2. Caratene Agrippina de Narbonnaise Of The Suevics, d. Yes, date unknown|
|>||3. Galains or Gundomar De Bretagne, princede la Midi, b. Abt 450, of Septimania, France , d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||4. Godefil Of The Septimanian Midi, b. 462, Bourgogne, Burgundy, France , d. 504 Age: 42 years|
|>||5. Gondebaut or Gundobad Of The Septimanian Midi, king of the Burgundians, b. 458, d. 508 Age: 50 years|
||17 Aug 2010 |
- The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001.
d. 472, Roman general of the tribe of the Suebi. After winning (456) two victories over the Vandals, he allied with the senate and deposed (456) Emperor Avitus. Thereafter the true ruler of Italy, he erected a series of puppet emperors. The most able was Majorian, whom Ricimer deposed and killed. Ricimer’s power was strengthened by good relations with the East Roman Empire and with the senate.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Ricimer (born about 405 , died August 18 , 472 ) was master of the Roman Empire in the West during part of the fifth century .
He was an Arian Christian barbarian and was the son of a prince of the Suebi and the daughter of Wallia , king of the Visigoths . His youth was spent at the court of the western Roman emperor Valentinian III , where he won distinction fighting under Aetius , Valentinian's magister militum of the western portion of the Roman Empire.
The deaths of Valentinian and Aetius in 454-55 created a power vacuum in the west. At first Petronius Maximus attempted to seize control of the imperial throne, but he was killed when the Vandal king Geiseric sacked Rome in May of 455 . Avitus was then made Emperor by the Visigoths , and following his arrival in Rome, Avitus appointed Ricimer as commander of the strickened Western Empire (by then reduced to Italy and a part of southern Gaul ) and raised a new army and navy from among the German mercenaries available to him.
After leaving Rome, Geiseric had left a powerful fleet essentially blockading the Italian coast. Ricimer led his own fleet out to sea, and in 456 , defeated the Vandals in a sea-fight near Corsica, and on land near Agrigentum in Sicily. Backed by the popularity thus acquired, Ricimer then gained the consent of the Roman Senate to an expedition against the emperor Avitus , whom he defeated in a bloody battle at Piacenza on October 16 , 456 . Avitus was taken prisoner and made bishop of Piacenza, and shortly afterwards sentenced to death. Ricimer then obtained from Leo I , the eastern emperor at Constantinople , the title of Patrician .
Ricimer spent the rest of his life as the de facto ruler of what was left of the western empire. However, the way in which he exercised power made him one of the most controversial figures of his time. As a German, he could not assume the title of Augustus (emperor) himself; on the other hand, power over the Augustus in Rome gave him prestige and offered him some influence over the other Germanic peoples occupying Gaul , Hispania , and Northern Africa. This left him with two options - dissolve the western imperial court and rule officially as a dux, or governor, of a single emperor in Constantinople, or set up his own figurehead emperors and rule through them. He chose to do the latter, even going so far as to have his name inscribed on the coinage along with the emperor.
In 457 , Ricimer set up Majorian as his own emperor in the West and induced Leo to give his consent. However, Majorian proved to be a capable ruler and soon became uncomfortably independent. Majorian was defeated (possibly by treachery) by Geiseric near the modern city of Valencia, Spain , while trying to organize an expedition against him, in 461 . Ricimer then forced him to abdicate and caused his assassination on August 7 , 461 . The successor whom Ricimer placed upon the throne was Libius Severus , who proved to be more docile than Majorian, but had to face the disapproval of Leo in the East and rivalry of Aegidius in Gaul. Upon Libius Severus' death in 465 - said to be due to the poison of Ricimer - this emperor-maker ruled the West for eighteen months without an emperor.
Finally, after a lengthy debate in which he and Geiseric, now working together, tried to force upon Leo their own candidate as emperor, Ricimer accepted Leo's candidate Anthemius . He diplomatically married Anthemius' daughter, and for some time lived in peace with him.
Ricimer commanded a large portion of the Roman forces in an expedition mounted by Leo against Geiseric in 468 . His behavior was more than a little suspect and raised suspicions that Ricimer secretly wanted the expedition to fail, which it ultimately did.
Four years later, Ricimer moved to Mediolanum (Milan ), ready to declare war upon Anthemius. St. Epiphanius , bishop of Milan, patched up a short-lived truce, after which Ricimer was again before Rome with an army of Germans. He proclaimed as emperor Olybrius , the candidate for emperor he and Geiseric had once favored, and after three months' siege took the city, on July 1 , 472 . Anthemius was killed and Rome was a prey to Ricimer's soldiers. He himself, however, died less than two months later of malignant fever. His title of Patrician was assumed by his nephew Gundobad .
Emperor Leo I
Emperor Leo I was Eastern Emperor from 457 to 474 and married Aelia Verina <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000033.html>. Although this Emperor was quite important, I am confining my notes here to those situations in which he was directly involved with the Anicii. For a detailed online biography, visit the DIR <http://orb.rhodes.edu/encyclop/early/De_Imp/leo1.htm> site.
In 472, Emperor Leo I sent Anicius Olybrius <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000002.html> to the West to mediate between the warring Western Roman Emperor Anthemius <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000014.html> and the barbarian general, Ricimer <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000015.html>. However, it would seem that Leo I was more concerned with ridding himself of Anicius Olybrius <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000002.html> than actually stopping the civil war in the West. It turned out that Leo I had instructed Anthemius <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000014.html> to kill both Anicius Olybrius <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000002.html> and Ricimer <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000015.html> by means of treachery. Upon the discovery of the plot, Anicius Olybrius <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000002.html> allied himself completely to Ricimer <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000015.html> resulting in his elevation to the Western Imperial throne.
Aside from this incident, I have been unable to find any other information regarding Leo I's relations with the Anicii. For those interested in the genealogical connections, it should be noted that Leo I can be connected to the Anicii through the House of Aspar. Leo I had two daughters, Adriadne <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000034.html> and Leontia <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000035.html>, as well as an unnamed son who died in infancy. Leontia's <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000035.html> first husband was Julius Patricius <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000036.html> who was the son of Flavius Ardabur Aspar <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000037.html> and brother of Ardabur <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000038.html>. This Ardabur <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000038.html> was the father of Godisthea <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000017.html>. Godisthea's <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000017.html> son by Flavius Dagalaiphus <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000016.html> was Flavius Areobindus Dagalaiphus Areobindus <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000003.html> who married Anicia Juliana <http://www.angelfire.com/co/JCS3/000001.html>.
RICIMER (d. 472), master of the Roman Empire in the West during part of the 5th century, was the son of a prince of the Suebi and the daughter of Wallia, king of the Visigoths. His youth was spent at the court of Valentinian III, and he won distinction under Aetius . In 456 he defeated the Vandals in a sea-fight near Corsica, and on land near Agrigentum in Sicily, and backed by the popularity thus acquired, Ricimer then gained the consent of the Roman senate to an expedition against the emperor Avitus, whom he defeated in a bloody battle at Piacenza on the 16th of October 456. Avitus was taken prisoner and made bishop of Piacenza, and shortly afterwards sentenced to death. Ricimer then obtained from Leo I, emperor at Constantinople, the title patrician, but in 457 set up Majorianus as his own emperor in the West, and induced Leo to give his consent. When, however, Majorianus tried to rule by himself, Ricimer forced him to abdicate and caused his assassination on the 7th of August 461. The successor whom Ricimer placed upon the throne was Libius Severus, who proved to be more docile than Majorianus, but had to face the rivalry of Leo in the East and Aegidius in Gaul. Upon his death in 465 — said to be due to the poison of Ricimer — this emperor-maker ruled the West for eighteen months without an emperor, and then accepted Leo's candidate Anthemius, diplomatically married his daughter, and for some time lived in peace with him. Before long, however, Ricimer moved to Milan, ready to declare war upon Anthemius. St. Epiphanius, bishop of Milan, patched up a truce, but in 472 Ricimer was again before Rome with an army of Germans, proclaimed as emperor Olybrius, whom Leo had sent to pacify the two enemies, and after three months' siege took the city, on the 1st of July 472. Anthemius was massacred and Rome was a prey to Ricimer's soldiers. He himself, however, died on the 18th of August 472, of malignant fever.
Ricimer Encyclopædia Britannica Article
died Aug. 18, 472
in full Flavius Ricimer general who acted as kingmaker in the Western Roman Empire from 456 to 472.
Ricimer's father was a chief of the Suebi (a Germanic people) and his mother was a Visigothic princess. Early in his military career he befriended the future emperor Majorian. After turning back an attempted Vandal invasion of Sicily at Agrigentum (modern Agrigento) in 456, Ricimer was appointed master of the soldiers. On October 17 of the same year he deposed the Western emperor Avitus after defeating him at Placentia (now Piacenza), Italy. Appointed patrician (the highest military title) on Feb. 28, 457, Ricimer elevated Majorian to the Western throne a month later and was made consul in 459. But Majorian would not allow himself to be dominated. When he returned to Italy after the disastrous failure of his campaign against the Vandals, he fell into Ricimer's hands, at Dertona (now Tortona), on Aug. 2, 461. He was deposed and executed five days later. On Nov. 19, 461, Ricimer appointed Libius Severus as Western emperor.
During the next several years Ricimer maintained his power despite serious threats to his position from the general Aegidius and from Marcellinus, who ruled a virtually independent state in Dalmatia (in modern Croatia).
On Aug. 15, 465, Severus died; almost two years passed before Anthemius was appointed to rule the West by the Eastern emperor Leo I. Ricimer acquiesced in the choice when it was arranged that he should marry Anthemius' daughter. But upon the total defeat of a vast expedition planned jointly by Anthemius and Leo against Vandal Africa, Anthemius incurred Ricimer's displeasure. Hence, in April 472, Ricimer elevated Olybrius to the throne and besieged Anthemius in Rome. The patrician crushed his opponent's forces outside the city and on July 11, 472, captured and beheaded him. Ricimer, however, died soon afterward.
As an Arian Christian and a barbarian, Ricimer could not hope to have himself recognized as emperor. Instead he sought to rule through puppet emperors. He was successful throughout his ascendancy in defending Italy against the Vandals and the provinces against the Ostrogoths and the Alani.
Nascien was of the Burgundian royal family, the Gibichungs. Between 461 & 465, he was Magister Militum in Gaul for Emperor Severus.
- [S1333] Attila King of the Huns, Patrick Howarth, (????????Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 2001), 149 (Reliability: 3).
- [S1659] Human Family Project, Mary Slawson, Chair, (Copyright January 2006).
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