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Viking Henry or Hrolf or Rollo Rognvaldsson De Briwere, duke of Normandy

Viking Henry or Hrolf or Rollo Rognvaldsson De Briwere, duke of Normandy[1, 2]

Male Abt 870 - Abt 931  (~ 61 years)

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  • Name Viking Henry or Hrolf or Rollo Rognvaldsson De Briwere, duke of Normandy  [3, 4
    Prefix Viking 
    Suffix duke of Normandy 
    Born Abt 0870  of Stoke, Devanshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Alt. Birth 0909  of Tillieres, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Name Brico 
    Name Ganger Rolf the Viking 
    Name Rolf (Rollo) The Ganger Ragnvaldsson Of Norway 
    Name Rolf Or Rollo Ragnvaldsson  [3, 4
    Name Rolf Rognvaldsson  [4
    Name Rolf the Norseman 
    Name Rollo Hrolf The Viking 
    Name Rollo Hrolf The Viking 
    Name Rollo Or Hrolf Thurstan Brico 
    Name Rollo The Dane, Duke Of Normandy 
    Name Rollo Thurstan Le Bigod 
    Name The "Old Pirate" 
    Died Abt 0931  of Notre Dame, Rouen, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I191322  Full Tree
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2014 

    Father Rognvaid I Or Ragnald The Wise Eysteinsson, Jarl of Orkney, More and Romsdal Click to preview: Rognvaid I Or Ragnald The Wise Eysteinsson, Jarl of Orkney, More and Romsdal,   b. 0837, Maer, Nord Trondelag, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 0890 and 0894, Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years) 
    Mother Hiltrude Or Raginhilde Or Hilda Hrolfsdottir, countess of More Click to preview: Hiltrude Or Raginhilde Or Hilda Hrolfsdottir, countess of More,   b. 0837, Maer, Nord Trondelag, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0892, Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years) 
    Married Abt 0853  of Maer, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F68138  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Poppa De Bayeux, dutchess of Normandy Click to preview: Poppa De Bayeux, dutchess of Normandy,   b. 0872, of Evreux, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 0925  (Age ~ 53 years) 
    Married 0891  Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6, 7, 8
    Children 
    +1. Guillaume or William I Long Sword of Normandy, 2 Nd Duke of Normandy Click to preview: Guillaume or William I Long Sword of Normandy, 2 Nd Duke of Normandy,   b. Abt 0893, , Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Dec 0942, Brosse, , Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 49 years)
     2. Robert De Corbeill, count de Corbeill Click to preview: Robert De Corbeill, count de Corbeill,   b. Abt 0891, of Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    +3. Adele De Normandie, princess of Normandy, countess of Poi Click to preview: Adele De Normandie, princess of Normandy, countess of Poi,   b. Abt 0897, , Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 14 Oct 0962, , Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years)
     4. Crespina De Normandie Click to preview: Crespina De Normandie,   b. Abt 0898, of Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Gerletta De Normandie Click to preview: Gerletta De Normandie,   b. Abt 0907, , Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. Kathlin De Normandie Click to preview: Kathlin De Normandie,   b. Abt 0912, , Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 17 Aug 2010 
    Family ID F74023  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Gisele Click to preview: Gisele,   b. 0858, Brosse, , Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jul 0874  (Age ~ 15 years) 
    Married 0912  Maer, Nord Trondelag, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Last Modified 17 Aug 2010 
    Family ID F70746  Group Sheet

    Family 3 Gerlotte De Blois Click to preview: Gerlotte De Blois,   b. 0913, of Tillieres, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Abt 0930  of Tillieres, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Ansfred I The Dane Hrolfsson Click to preview: Ansfred I The Dane Hrolfsson,   b. 0935,   d. 0978, of Tillieres, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 43 years)
    +2. Anslec or Lancelot Hrolfsson De Bastenbourg Click to preview: Anslec or Lancelot Hrolfsson De Bastenbourg,   b. Abt 0935, Briquebec, la Manche, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0990, Briquebec, la Manche, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years)
    +3. Anslec Or Lancelot Hrolfsson De Bastenbourg Click to preview: Anslec Or Lancelot Hrolfsson De Bastenbourg,   b. Abt 0905, Briquebec, la Manche, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0990, Briquebec, la Manche, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 85 years)
    Last Modified 17 Aug 2010 
    Family ID F70004  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 0870 - of Stoke, Devanshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 0891 - Normandie, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChild - Guillaume or William I Long Sword of Normandy, 2 Nd Duke of Normandy - Abt 0893 - , Normandie, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChild - Adele De Normandie, princess of Normandy, countess of Poi - Abt 0897 - , Normandie, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChild - Gerletta De Normandie - Abt 0907 - , Normandie, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAlt. Birth - 0909 - of Tillieres, Normandie, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChild - Kathlin De Normandie - Abt 0912 - , Normandie, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 0912 - Maer, Nord Trondelag, Norway Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Abt 0930 - of Tillieres, Normandie, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Abt 0931 - of Notre Dame, Rouen, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Later sources identify this Hrolf with Rollo of Normandy, an extremely doubtful identification. It is unlikely that there was any close relationship between the early dukes of Normandy and the Orkney Jarls, and Rollo's parentage is unknown.

      Here are my notes on ROLLO, which I send in connection with a message sent
      by Stewart Baldwin in which he says he suspects I took my data from the
      "ridiculously unreliable Ancestral File" of the LDS. As you can see, this
      isn't quite right.

      Gordon Fisher gfisher@shentel.net

      -----------------------------------------------------------------


      27th ggf of Gordon Fisher

      Or: HROLFR the GANGER (walker), GANGE-ROLV, ROLF, ROLLO OF NORMANDY;
      andlater in life, ROBERT; also HRO'LFR

      "The central fact of Norman history ... is ... the grant of Normandy and his
      northern followers in the year 911. ... For the actual occurences of that
      year, we have only the account of a romancing historian of a hundred years
      later, reenforced here and there by the exceedingly scanty records of the
      time. The main fact is clear, namely that the Frankish king, Charles the
      Simple, granted Rollo as a fief a considerable part, the eastern part, of
      later Normandy. Apparently Rollo did homage for his fied in feudal fashion
      by placing his hands between the hands of the king, something, we are told,
      which "neither his father, nor his grandfather, nor his great-grandfather
      before him had ever done for any man." Legend goes on to relate, however,
      that Rollo refused to kneel and kiss the king's foot, crying out in his own
      speech, "No, by God!" and that the companion to whom he delegated the
      unwelcome obligation performed it so clumsily that he overturned the king,
      to the great merriment of the assembled Northmen. ... As to Rollo's
      personality, we have only the evidence of later Norman historians of
      doubtful authority and the Norse saga of HArold Fairhair. If, as seems
      likely, their accounts relate to the same person, he was known in the north
      as Hrolf the Ganger, because he was so huge that no horse could carry him
      and he must needs gang afoot. A pirate at home, he was driven into exile by
      the anger of King Harold, whereupon he followed his trade in the Western
      Isles and in Gaul, and rose to be a great Jarl among his people. The saga
      makes him a Norwegian, but Danish scholars have sought to prove him a Dane,
      and more recently the cudgels have been taken up for his Swedish origin. To
      me the NOrwegian theory seems on the whole the most probable, being based on
      a trustworthy saga and corroborated by other incidental evidence. ... The
      important fact is that Norway, Denmark, and even more distant Sweden, all
      contributed to the colonists who settled in Normandy under Rollo and his
      successors, and the achievements of the Normans thus become the common
      heritage of the Scandinavian race. (P) The colonization of Normandy was, of
      course, only a small part of the work of this heroic age of Scandinavian
      expansion. The great emigration from the North in the ninth and tenth
      centuries has been explained in part by the growth of centralized government
      and the consequent departure of the independent, the turbulent, and the
      untamed for new fields of adventure; but its chief cause was doubtless that
      which lies back of colonizing movements in all ages, the growth of
      population and the need of more room. Five centuries earlier this
      land-hunger had pushed the Germanic tribes across the Rhine and Danube and
      produced the great wandering of the peoples which destroyed the Roman
      empire; and the Viking raids were simply a later aspect of this same
      *Vo"lkerwanderung*, retarded by the outlying position of the Scandinavian
      lands and by the greater difficulty of migration by sea. For, unlike the
      Goths who swept across the map of Europe in vast curves of marching men, or
      the Franks who moved forward by slow stages of gradual settlement in their
      occupation of Roman Gaul, the Scandinavian invaders were men of the sea and
      migrated in ships."
      --- Charles Homer Haskins, *The Normans in European History*, Boston &
      NY, 1915, p 26-30 passim. From p 48 & 50: "At this point the fundamental
      question forces itself upon us, how far was Normandy affected by
      Scandinavian influences? What in race and language, in law and custom, was
      the contribution of the north to Normandy? And the answer must be that in
      most respects the tangible contribution was slight. Whatever may have been
      the state of affairs in the age of colonization and settlement, by the
      century which followed the Normans had become to a surprising degree
      absorbed by their environment. ..... What, then, was the Scandinavian
      contribution to the making of Normandy if it was neither law nor speech nor
      race? First and foremost, it was Normandy itself, created as a distinct
      entity by the Norman occupation and the grant to Rollo and his followers,
      without whom it would have remained an undifferentiated part of northern
      France. Next, a new element in the population, numerically small in
      proportion to the ass, but a leaven to the whole --- quick to absorb
      Frankish law and Christian culture but retaining its northern qualities of
      enterprise, of daring, and of leadership. It is no accident that the names
      of the leaders in early Norman movements are largely Norse. And finally a
      race of princes, high-handed and masteful but with a talent for political
      organization, state-builders at home and abroad, who made Normandy the
      strongest and most centralized principality in France and joined to it a
      kingdom beyond the seas which became the strongest state in western Europe."

      "GANGER ROLF, "the Viking" (or ROLLO), banished from Norway to the Hebrides
      ca. 876, 890 participated in Viking attack on Bayeux, where Count Berenger
      of Bayeux was killed, and dau. Poppa captured and taken, 886, by Rollo (now
      called Count of Rouen) as his "Danish" wife. Under Treaty of St. Claire,
      911, rec'd the Duchy of Normandy from CHARLES III, "the Simple"; d. ca. 927
      (Isenburg says 931), bur. Notre Dame, Rouen. ... Note: Isenburg inserts a
      Robert between Rollo and William I, and makes Robert the conqueror of
      Bayeux, husb. of Poppa, and 1st Duke. Chronology favors the descent given
      by Moriarty and Onslow. It seems probable that Robert was another name for
      Rollo. If there really was a Robert as 1st Duke, then [ROBERT I] would be
      ROBERT II, which is not the case. For additional data on William II of
      Normandy and I of England the reader may consult David C. Douglas, *William
      the Conqueror* (1964). Besides a dau. Gerloc (or Adela) who m. 935 WILLIAM
      I ... Count of Poitou, Ganger Rolf had [WILLIAM I, "Longsword"]."
      --- Weis & Sheppard, *Ancestral Roots ... *, 7th Edition, 1992, p 110

      "Rollo (Rollon, Ranger Rolf [sic, instead of Ganger], 1st Duke of Normandy,
      Count of Rouen; conquered Normandy; b. c870, Maer, Norway, d. 927-932; md
      (2) 891 Poppa de Bayeux, Duchess of Norway; b. c872, Bayeux, France; dau
      Berenger de Bayeux, Count of Bayeux; d. bef. 930; and N.N. of Rennes."
      --- Roderick W Stuart, *Royalty for Commoners*, 2nd edn, 1992, p 123-124

      The definitive establishment of the Normans, to whom the country owes
      its name, took place in 911, when by the treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte,
      concluded between King Charles the Simple of France and Rolf or Rollo, chief
      of the Normans, the territory comprising the town of Rouen and a few 'pagi'
      situated on the sea-coast was ceded to the latter; but the terms of the
      treaty are ill-defined, and it is consequently almost impossible to find out
      the exact extent of this territory or to know whether Brittany was at this
      time made a feudal dependency of Normandy. But the chronicler Dudo of
      Saint-Quentin's statement that Rollo married Gisela, daughter of Charles the
      Simple, must be considered to be legendary work of Dudo of Saint-Quentin
      [who?] is practically our only authority.
      Rollo died in 927 and was succeeded by his son William ...
      --- (Source ???)

      "Charles [the Simple], the son-in-law of eEward, constrained thereto by
      Rollo, through a succession of calamities, conceded to him that part of Gaul
      which at present is called Normandy. It would be tedious to relate for how
      many years, and with what audacity, the Normans disquieted every place from
      the British ocean, as I have said, to the Tuscan sea. First Hasten, and
      then Rollo; who, born of noble lineage among the Norwegians, though obsolete
      from its extreme antiquity, was banished, by the king's command, from his
      own country, and brought over with multitudes, who were in danger, either
      from debt or consciousness of guilt, and whom he had allured by great
      expectations of advantage. Betaking himself therefore to piracy, after his
      cruelty had raged on every side at pleasure, he experienced a check at
      Chartres. For the townspeople, relying neither on arms nor fortifications,
      piously impoored the assistance of the blessed Virgin Mary. The shift too
      of the virgin, which Charles the Bald displayed to the winds on the
      samparts, thronged by the garrison, after the fashion of a banner. The
      enemy on seeing it began to laught, and to direct their arrows at it. This,
      however, was not done with impunity; for presently their eyes became dim,
      and they could neither retreat nor advance. The townsmen, with joy
      perceiving this, indulged themselves in a plentiful slaughter of them, as
      far as fortune permitted. Rollo, however, whom God reserved for the true
      faith, escaped, and soon after gained Rouen and the neighboring cities by
      force of arms, in the year of our Lord 876, and one year before the death of
      Charles the Bald, whose grandson Lewis, as is before mentioned, vanquished
      the Normans, but did not expel them; but Charles, the brother of that Lewis,
      grandson of Charles the Bald, by his son Lewis, as I have said aboce,
      repeatedly experiencing, from unsuccessful conflicts, that fortune gave him
      nothing which she took from others, resolved, after consulting his nobility,
      that it was advisable to make a show of royal munificence, when he was
      unable to repel injury; and, in a friendly manner, sent for Rollo. He was
      at this time far advanced in years; and, consequently, easily inclined to
      pacific measures. It was therefore determined by treaty, that he should be
      baptized, and hold that country of the king as his lord. The inbred and
      untameable ferocity of the man may well be imagined, for, on receiving this
      gift, as the by standers suggested to him, that he ought to kiss the foot of
      his benefactor, disdaining to kneel down, he seized the king's foot and
      dragged it to his mouth as he stood erect. The king falling on his back,
      the Normans began to laugh, and the Franks to be indignant; but Rollo
      apologized for his shameful conduct, by saying that it was the custom of his
      country. Thus the affair being settled, Rollo returned to Rouen, and there
      died."
      --- William of Malmesbury, *Chronicle of the Kings of England*, c 1135,
      tr John Allen Giles, London (Henry G Bohn) 1847, p 125-126

      "It is not known when Rollo arrived in the Viking kingdom [in Normandy].
      Dudo says that he took Rouen in 877, but most historians are agreed that
      Rollo probably did not appear in Francia until the early tenth century. The
      possibility exists however, that Dudo is preserving a belief that Vikings
      had been established in the Rouen area from about this time. Rollo is
      thought to have been Norwegian rather than Danish, and later Icelandic
      sources identify him with Hrolf the Ganger (walker), son of Ragnvald earl of
      Moer, who had a career as a Viking before settling in Francia. He married a
      Christian woman and his son William, according to the Lament of William
      Longsword, was born overseas. (P) Nothing more in known about the 'Treaty
      of St Clair-sur-Epte' concluded in a personal interview between Charles the
      Simple and Rollo than Dudo tells us, and he has been accused of inventing
      the meeting. That a cession of territory in the Seine, extending as far
      west as the mouth of the Seine on the coast and near the source of the Eure
      inland is affirmed by a charter of Charles the Simple dated 14 March 918.
      ..... Flodoard adds the information that Rollo received baptism and the
      Frankish name Robert with the cession of this territory. (P) Rollo seems to
      have been made a count in 911, with the traditional duties assigned to a
      Carolingian count, namely, protection and the administration of justice. He
      was certainly subordinate to the Frankish king. With the proliferation of
      titles accorded the leader of the Normandy Vikings in later sources, some
      historians hace suggested that Rollo was made a duke, but Werner has argued
      that there was no Norman *marchio* before 950-6, and no duke before
      987-1006, that is, after Hugh Capet had gained the throne of France. .....
      (P) Rollo appears to have received his territory on similar terms as the
      Bretons had received the Cotentin, except that the bishoprics were also
      ceded. ..... In exchange, Rollo was to defend the Seine from other Vikings,
      accept baptism and become the *fidelis* of the Frankish king. That there
      were other groups of Vikings in the region, particularly in the western part
      of Normandy, is clear. The west stayed pagan longer; it was a century
      before a bishop was appointed to the Cotnetin. ..... (P) The arrangement
      made in 911 proved successful ..... The area of Normandy by 933 corresponded
      to the area of the archdiocese of Rouen, with the seven *civitates* of
      Rouen, Bayeux, Avranches, Evreux, See's, Lisieux and Coutances. The
      fortunes of the bishops of Rouen and of the (principes* of Normandy were in
      fact closely associated from the very beginning."
      --- Rosamond McKitterick, *The Frankish Kingdom under the Carolingians,
      751-987*, London & NY (Longman) 1983, p 237-238

      "A.D. 917. ..... Rollo, first duke of Normandy, died, and was succeeded by
      his son William."
      --- Florence of Worcester (died c 1117), *A History of the Kings of
      England* (OR: *The Chronicle of Florence of Worcester*), trans Joseph
      Stephenson, 1853 (reprinted by Llanerch Enterprises, Felinfach, Lampeter,
      Dyfed, Wales SA48 8PJ, 1980s (?)), p 76

      Origin and history of the Montgomerys , Comtes de Montgomery, Ponthieu, Alencon and La Marche, Earls of Arundel, Chichester, Shrewsbery, Montgomery, Pembroke, Lancaster, Mercia, Eglinton and Mountalexander, Princes de Belleme, Marquis de Montgomery de Lorges by B. G. de Montgomery; William Blackwood and Sons LTD., Edinburgh and London, 1948 page 30-31.


      Origin and history of the Montgomerys , Comtes de Montgomery, Ponthieu, Alencon and La Marche, Earls of Arundel, Chichester, Shrewsbery, Montgomery, Pembroke, Lancaster, Mercia, Eglinton and Mountalexander, Princes de Belleme, Marquis de Montgomery de Lorges by B. G. de Montgomery; William Blackwood and Sons LTD., Edinburgh and London, 1948 page 28.
      1st Duke Of Normandy. Rec'd. Normandy Under Treaty Of St. Claire, 911.
      Aka Rolf (Rollo) The Ganger Ragnvaldsson Of Norway.
      Left Norway For Reaving And Conquest On Continent (870).
      Known As "The Old Pirate". Count Of Rouen By Conquest 876.
      Called The "Ganger" As He Was So Large No Horse Could Carry Him & He Had To Walk
      Ferocious Disposition. Charles The Simple Could Not Beat Him.
      Founder Of Normandy.
      Banished.

      Heimskringla or The Lives of the Norse Kings, by Snorre Sturlason, Dover Publications, Inc: New York, The Ynglinga Saga page 59.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1659] Human Family Project, Mary Slawson, Chair, (Copyright January 2006).

    2. [S1534] Joseph Smith, Sr. & Lucy Mack Foundation, Mike Kennedy, ((http://www.josephsmithsr.com : 31 Oct 2008)), ). (Reliability: 2).

    3. [S2453] Europäische Stammtafeln, Bund II tafel 36 (Reliability: 0).

    4. [S1286] The Mammoth Book of British Kings and Queens, Mike Ashley, (Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc. New York, New York 1998), page 209 (Reliability: 3).

    5. [S1208] University of Hull Royal Database England, Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science, (copyright 1996 , , Repository: WWW, University of Hull, Hull, UK HU6 7RX bct@tardis.ed.ac.uk usually reliable but sometimes includes hypothetical lines, mythological figures, etc).

    6. [S1225] Europäische Stammtafeln (Schwennicke edition), Dettlev Schwennicke, ed, (Verlag von J.A. Stargardt, Berlin, started being published in 1978 ,), ii, 79, & ii, 75 [as rev. in iii(1)] (Reliability: 0).

    7. [S1200] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America bef 1760, Frederick Lewis Weis, (7th ed Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore 1992 , , Repository: J.H. Garner Same ref source as earlier ed, "Ancestral Roots of 60 Colonists who Came to New England 1623-1650" ed 1-6 good to very good), line 121E-18 (Reliability: 0).

    8. [S1335] Les Seize Quartiers Genealogiques des Capetiens, J. D. Joannis & R. de Saint-Jouan, (Lyon: Sauvegarde Historique, 1958 ,), i, 4 (Reliability: 0).


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